Alcaligenes Xylosoxidans Infections in Children Five Cases in Different Sites ( In Press)

Pediatrics Research International Journal

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Sanz Santaeufemia1, Ramos Amador2, Muley Alonso3, Bodas Pinedo4, Hinojosa Mena-Bernal5 and García6 Talavera   


1Department of Pediatrics. Hospital Niño Jesús. Madrid.

2Inmunodeficiency Unit,spain

3Pediatric Nephrology,spain

4Pediatric Neurosurgery. Department of Pediatrics. Hospital 12 Octubre. Madrid,spain

5Department of Pediatrics. Hospital Clinico Madrid,spain

6Family Physician. Centro Salud Felipe II, Móstoles,spain

Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 519461, Pediatrics Research International Journal, 11 pages, DOI:

Received date : 2 October 2013; Accepted date : 27 February 2014; Published date : 11 March 2014

Academic editor: Angelika Lehner


Alcaligenes xylosoxidans, formerly known as Achromobacter xylosoxidans is a nonfermenting gram-negative rod, that is increasingly been identified as a pathogen in the last decade. Nowadays the name commonly accepted for correct taxonomy is Achromobacter xylosoxidans1 . It has been isolated from several aqueous environmental sources, some of which have been associated with nosocomial outbreaks of infections2 . Infections caused by Alcaligenes xylosoxidans have been documented in patients with a variety of indwelling devices, but it has been shown as a causing disease bacteria in other cases without risk factors (previous surgery or catheter carrier). It could be also encountered in all kind of organs and body systems, so this microorganism is acquiring major importance in recent years.

Keywords: children, Alcaligenes, infection